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 Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR)

/PhotoAlbum/Industry%20and%20Environment/IMG_7649.jpgDead Sea Works, a unit of ICL Fertilizers. Photo: Pini Hamou
Dead Sea Works. Photo: Pini Hamou
Dead Sea Works, a unit of ICL Fertilizers 
Photo: Pini Hamou 

​A Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR) is a database or inventory of pollutants released to air, water, and soil by factories, and/or transferred off-site for treatment or disposal.

Israel's PRTR system was established under the 2012 Environmental Protection Law. The guidelines for the system were set in the Kiev Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers, which Israel acceded in January 2013.

Main Objectives

  1. Increase the transparency of information available to the Israeli public regarding the quantity, type and location of emissions and transfers.
  2. Encourage owners of facilities to reduce emissions and transfer of pollutants and waste.
  3. Create a tool that gives decision makers the necessary data to determine a sustainable policy based on environmental justice.
  4. Create a common language between the government, reporting facilities, and the public, regarding emissions quantification.

Sectors/Types of Pollutants


More than 400 factories in Israel are obligated to submit PRTR reports. The main industries covered under the law are:

  1. ​Energy
  2. Production and processing of metals
  3. Minerals
  4. Chemicals
  5. Waste and wastewater management
  6. Intensive agriculture
  7. Food and beverages


Pollutants to be Reported

There are a total of 114 pollutants or groups of pollutants that must be reported.

  1. 89 pollutants are related to air emissions.
  2. 92 pollutants are related to marine, water, and soil emissions, and to effluent transfers.

Many pollutants belong to both groups.

Ministry's PRTR Responsibilities

Under the 2012 Environmental Protection Law, the MoEP is required to:

  1. publish an annual end-of-year report to the Knesset (Parliament) that includes a summary and analysis of the PRTR data reported that year
  2. publish an inventory of information on releases and transfers once every seven years. The first inventory is scheduled to be published on Jan. 1, 2015.


One of the lessons learned from the PRTR pilot program is that reporting facilities need guidance to determine their emissions. Thus, the MoEP has published a document entitled PRTR Release Estimation Techniques in Sept. 2012 (see below). There are also approximately individual sector documents published in HEBREW, as well as a myriad of calculators on the HEBREW website, to help factories understand and fulfill their reporting obligations.

Israel's PRTR Milestones

  1. 2009: Israel took its first steps toward establishing a PRTR, one of the obligations it took upon itself during its OECD accession process.
  2. 2010: A PRTR pilot program was launched, involving 9 factories that represented the main sectors obligated to report their emissions.
  3. 2011: A legislative process to create a legal PRTR requirement was begun, in coordination with the Israel Manufacturers Association and relevant NGOs.
  4. April 1, 2012: The Environmental Protection Law, which includes the PRTR requirement, entered into force.
  5. May 2, 2013: Those legally required to report their 2012 emissions and transfers began to do so online.
  6. June 30, 2013: The final due date for submission of the first legally-required PRTR reports - on 2012 pollutant emissions and transfers.
  7. December 1, 2013: The Ministry of Environmental Protection (MoEP) published PRTR data for the year 2012.
  8. March 31, 2014: The final due date for submission of the second PRTR reports in Israel - with 2013 pollutant emissions and transfers data.

PRTR in Israel: International Activities

  1. The PRTR system and its obligations is one of the topics for discussion of Israel's joint Working Group on Strengthening Economic Relations with Japan.
  2. Israel is part of the OECD's PRTR Task Force, which includes mutual information and experience sharing, and develops documents that offer guidance and recommendations.
  3. Israel acceded the UNECE Kiev Protocol on PRTR in January 2013, which obligates countries to establish a PRTR system and details what information that system must include.
  4. Israel has taken part in PRTR workshops, held under the auspices of regional programs and projects such as the Horizon 2020 Initiativethe Mediterranean Action Plan, and others.
  1. PRTR was one of three topics that were the subject of the MoEP's first Twinning project, which ran from 2013 - 2015. Learn more about the Twinning project.

PRTR Release Estimation Techniques

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22/10/2015 13:12
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